A Congressional Medal Restoring Religious Liberty?


Father Emil Kapaun celebrating Mass using the hood of a Jeep as his altar, Oct 7, 1950.

Father Emil Kapaun celebrating Mass using the hood of a Jeep as his altar, Oct 7, 1950.

 In a moving White House ceremony Thursday President Obama posthumously awarded Fr. Emil Kapaun, a Catholic priest, the Congressional Medal of Honor for the extraordinary care he gave his fellow soldiers during the Korean War, often at the risk of his own life. Army chaplain Kapaun died in a North Korean prisoner of war camp, after keeping his comrades’ spirits up.

One example of Fr. Kapaun’s nerve:

 [A]s Father Kapaun was being led away, he saw another American — wounded, unable to walk, laying in a ditch, defenseless.  An enemy soldier was standing over him, rifle aimed at his head, ready to shoot.  And Father Kapaun marched over and pushed the enemy soldier aside.  And then as the soldier watched, stunned, Father Kapaun carried that wounded American away.

In the camp, the priest administered sacraments, foraged at night for food, and encouraged the Americans to live. For his extraordinary spiritual devotion the Catholic Church has declared him “a servant of God.”

In addition to interesting political asides, the occasion illustrates the contemporary ordeal of religious liberty. Obama had his political motives for honoring a Catholic priest. And of course he couldn’t resist spotlighting himself: “Now, I obviously never met Father Kapaun.  But I have a sense of the man he was, because in his story I see reflections of my own grandparents and their values, the people who helped to raise me.  Emil and my grandfather were both born in Kansas about the same time….” (May the ceremony discomfort the North Korean despots as they suck on their kimchi.)

Moreover, while some media took note of Fr. Kapaun being a Catholic priest—see for example the Washington Post lengthy account of his heroism and the grateful veterans who pressed the case for the Medal–others slight that fact, as in Brian Williams’ account for NBC Nightly News.  In the NBC reportage, a casual viewer could readily overlook that it was a Catholic priest who was being recognized.

All Americans should be grateful that President Obama, whatever his motives, honored Fr. Kapaun. For one thing, his noble example vindicates the case of the Catholic Church against Obamacare’s HHS Mandate. The Church believes the bureaucratic requirement for contraception, sterilization, and, ultimately, abortion coverage in health insurance provided by Catholic employers, including parishes and dioceses, violates religious freedom by subsidizing conduct that violates Church teaching. Against this view, the bureaucratic imperative demands uniformity among employers, equal treatment in the name of justice.

The example of Fr. Kapaun upbraids Obama’s bureaucracy. It would simply transform Fr. Kapaun into a non-person to separate his heroic deeds (and in particular his struggle to administer sacraments in the POW camp) from his priesthood. He risked his life, defying murderous guards, because he knew his physical existence was only in service of a higher duty, love of the ever-living God. Finally, he prayed for the captors who led him off to death.

Another person could have hoarded food for himself and attempted to transcend the hell about him, by retreating into a solipsism, in an effort to survive. For some, religious conscience might be that narrow and private a matter—but not for this Catholic priest, nor for many other Americans who want to exercise their religious freedoms. We honor Fr. Kapaun even more than the President did, if we realize that his fight in Korea illustrates our contemporary struggle to preserve religious liberty.

Ken Masugi

Ken Masugi is a Senior Fellow of the Claremont Institute. He teaches in graduate programs in political science for Johns Hopkins University and for the Ashbrook Center of Ashland University. He has edited Interpreting Tocqueville’s Democracy in America, co-edited The Progressive Revolution in Politics and Political Science, and co-authored and co-edited several other books on American politics and political thought. In addition, he has worked ten years in the federal government as a speechwriter and on policy issues, at the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, where he was a special assistant to Chairman Clarence Thomas, and the Departments of Justice and Labor.

About the Author

Recent Popular Posts

Related Posts


  1. DET says

    Ken, this is lovely. What is one to say of the President’s tribute? Does he understand religious liberty in any sense at all? He cannot think it refers merely to “worship” which can be basically a private matter, since Fr. K acted publicly. I don’t like to believe this is merely political on his part, but what else can you conclude?

  2. Ken Masugi says

    Thanks. My cynical view is that he knew from the start that the hiearchy of the Catholic Church (with the Tea Party) would be his greatest domestic enemy. So he chose Biden as VP to work the soft side of the Church. Honoring Fr.Kapaun is another political example. I’d like to think of the award as a gesture (yes, of that sort) toward the North Koreans, but on that score I think it’s somewhat coincidental. I don’t like to think so cynically either, but does this President give us much choice?

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>